This continent extending from the Himalayas in the north to the sea in the south is known as Bharatvarsha, which in the epics and Puranas means Bharatvarsha, meaning “the country of the Indians” and the inhabitants here have been called Bharati i.e. the children of India. Name of an ancient poet. Ancient India used to call its country Jambudweep i.e. the island of Jammu Jambu (Jamuna) trees. Ancient Iranians used to connect it with the name of river Indus, from which they called Hindus instead of Sindhu. The name of a river has come to be known by the Greeks as “Inde” and the Arabs called it Hind. In the medieval period, this country came to be called Hindustan. This word is also derived from the Persian word Hindu, based on the Greek language Inde, the British called it “India”. started saying
For the convenience of the study of Indian history, it is divided into three parts Ancient India, Medieval India and Modern India. The credit for dividing history into three parts is the German historian Christoph Salierus.
sources of ancient indian history :-
Information about ancient Indian history is mainly obtained from four sources, religious texts, historical texts, foreigners’ details, archaeological evidence
Important information from religious texts and historical texts :-
The most ancient religious text of India is the Vedas, whose compiler is considered to be Maharishi Krishna Dvaipayana Ved Vyas, Veda Vasudev preaches Kutumbakam Indian tradition considers the Vedas to be dance and Aporush Vedas are four Vedas are Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, Atharvaveda These four Vedas are called Samhita. Goes
Rigveda The collection of systematic knowledge is called Rigveda, in which there are 10 mandalas, 1028 suktas and 10462 verses. From this Veda, information about Arya’s political system, history and glory of God is obtained, in the third mandala of Rigveda composed by Vishwamitra, the sun god Savitri. Dedicated fame is the Gayatri Mantra. In the Rigveda, 250 ideas have been composed for Indra and 200 for Agni. As a means of ancient history, in Vedic literature, after the Rigveda, the Shatapatha Brahmana is placed.
Yajurveda is a compilation of mantras for recitation and rules for compliance at the time of sacrifice is called Yajurveda. In Yajurveda, a compilation of the rules and rituals of sacrifices is found, it also describes the method of sacrifice, it is a Veda which is both in prose and verse. is
The literal meaning of the song “Sama” in this Veda is a compilation of songs sung mainly on the occasion of sacrifices, its compilation is based on the Rigveda, it is also called the father of Indian music, Yajurveda and Samveda do not describe any specific historical event. Get
This Veda, composed by Atharva sage, has a total of 731 ministers and about 6000 verses, some of its mantras are even older than the mantras of Rigveda. The description of superstitions is found in the Vedas, meaning in the Vedas, all aspects of human life, the development of houses, the advancement of agriculture, the vehicle of commercial routes, marriage, and in some mantras, witchcraft is also described. In the Vedas, Parikshit has been called the king of gurus and A good depiction of the prosperity of the country is found, the oldest Veda is Rigveda and the last Veda is Atharvaveda, in which assembly and termination are called two daughters of Prajapati.
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